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疾控中心实验室建设理念与规划设计

发布时间:2019-10-29 14:06来源:TMOON点击:

  

  疾控中心实验室(又称生物安全实验室)。它是一个设施齐全,功能完备,智能化程度较高,有高度的安全保护措施的新医疗建筑。从其进出的人、材、物都要满足生物安全标准的要求,排出的空气(气体)、水(液体)、废弃物和垃圾都要达到劳动保护和环境保护要求。实验室的试验品和产成品要严格登记备案,要有专门的库房和车辆,库房要与实验室连成一体,车辆要专车专用,并且达到生物安全标准的要求。 在实验室装修皇冠足彩过程中要把握好以下几点:


  一、总体布局 疾控中心实验室的建设要符合国家现行的有关生物安全标准。 疾疾控中心实验室皇冠足彩的空气具有洁净度的要求,洁净等级按病原性微生物实验和污染程度确定,其地理位置应选择远离人烟稠密、交通繁忙和空气、水源、噪声严重污染地区。疾控中心实验室要按照功能用途划区布置,将实验室与各区严格分开,人流、物流路径分明,有污染排放的区域要设在实验室的下风向,吸风口设在上风向,实验室周围不宜种植飞扬花粉、绒毛和落叶的植物。 疾控中心实验室不同于其他医疗工程。其区别在于,不仅要求防止环境因素对实验室的污染和实验之间的交叉污染,同时还要防止实验过程中所使用的生物危害和潜在生物危害不致向周围环境释放造成污染。


  二、实验室设计概念 


1.SHEJILINIAN

  (1)QUERENSHIYANSHINEIDEWULIKONGZHIDUICHANPIN、HUANJINGHECAOZUORENYUANDEBAOHUZUOYONG;

  (2)QUEDINGJIEJINGQU、FEIJIEJINGQU、WURANQUHEBANWURANQU,YIJILIANDAIFUZHUQUDEGONGNENGHEYONGTU;

  (3)QUEDINGXUYAOFENGBIHUOBUXUYAOFENGBIDECAOZUOQUYU;

  (4)QUEDINGYICIPINGZHANG、ERCIPINGZHANGDEJINGHUAKONGZHIFANGFA;

  (5)SHIYANHEHUAYANYAOHELIDEFENKAI;

  (6)暖通空调、真空、压缩空气、供水系统、消毒灭菌要符合GMP要求;

  (7)QUEDINGBUTONGQUYUDEQILIULIUXIANGHELIUSU;

  (8)QUEDINGYUANCAILIAO、SHEBEI、CHANPINHESHENGWUFEILIAODELIUXIANG;

  (9)MANZU“SANFEI”PAIFANGBIAOZHUN;

  (10)QUEDINGRENYUAN,TEBIESHIGUANJIANSHIYANCAOZUORENYUANDELIUXIANGHEKONGZHI;

  (11)QUEDINGFANGZHIQIANZAIWEIHAIWUZHISHIFANGDECUOSHI;

  (12)TUFAXING“GUZHANG”DEJINJIGUANBIHEZIJIUFANGAN;

  (13)FANGHUO、BAOWEISHESHI;

  (14)BEIYONG:DIANYUAN、TONGXUN、KONGZHISHESHI。


  2.SHENGWUWEIHAIYINSU SHENGWUWEIHAIDEGENYUANSHIBINGYUANWEISHENGWU,QIWEIHAICHENGDUDEDAXIAOQUJUEYUBINGYUANXINGWEISHENGWUDEZHONGSHU、XINGTAI、KANGYUAN、BIANYIDENGTEXINGYIJIRENTIDEMIANYIFANGYUGONGNENG。BINGYUANXINGWEISHENGWUXINGCHENGSHENGWUWEIHAIDEZHIBINGZUOYONG,QUJUEYUBINGYUANXINGWEISHENGWUDEDULI、QINXILI、SHULIANGHEQINRUBUWEI。


  3.SHENGWUWEIHAIDEWURANTUJING BINGYUANXINGWEISHENGWUDUISHIYANGONGZUOZHEDEGANRAN,YIBANDOUSHIYIWAIDEXIRU、TUNYANYIJICHUANGSHANG、JIEZHONGHUOZHUSHEDENGTUJINGZAOCHENGDE。TUNYANHEPIFUJIECHUZHEILIANGZHONGQINRUFANGSHIJUNKEZAICAOZUOSHIDANGCHANGCHAJUE,NENGCONGCAOZUOBUZHOUSHANGZHUYIFANGFAN。XIRUTUJINGDEGANRAN,YOUYUQISHULIANGJIAOXIAO,SANFAYUSHIYANSHIDEHUANJINGQIFENZHONG,CHUFEINONGDUGUOGAO,XINGCHENGKEJIANDELEISIMEIJUNBAOZIDEYUNWUHUOCHENGPINFEIYANGDEFENCHENYIWAI,YIBANWANGWANGNANYICHAJUE。ZHEIXIESHULIANGJIAOXIAODEBINGYUANXINGWEISHENGWUSUIZHEQIRONGJIAOJINXINGCHUANBO,JUTONGJISHIYANGUOCHENG80%DEGANRANDOUQIYINYUQIRONGJIAODEWEIHAIZAOCHENG。 QIRONGJIAOSHIYIJIAOTIZHUANGTAIXUANFUZAIDAQIZHONGDEYETAIHUOGUTIWEILI,QIZHIJINGZAI0.01μm~200μmZHIJIAN,YIBANYUEWEI1-5μm,SHIZUISHIYIYINQIGANRANZUOYONGDECHICUN,ROUYANBUNENGFAXIAN。QIRONGJIAODEKELIDAXIAOYUQIWEIHAICHENGDUDEGUANXIZHIGUANMIQIE,KELIYUEXI,ZAIKONGQIZHONGDEXUANFUSHIJIANYUEZHANG,YUERONGYICHUANTOUPUTONGDEGUOLVJIEZHI,YUERONGYIQIANRUHUXIXITONGDESHENBU。


皇冠足彩  QIRONGJIAODEJIZHONGLEIXING:

  (1)DIHE RONGYEHUOXUANFUYEBIAOMIANZAICAOZUOSHIDEZHENDONGDENGPOHUAIXINGYINGLI,ZEJIANCHUYEDI。WEIXIAODEYEDIJINGGUODAQIXUNSUZHENGFA,TIJIDAWEISUOXIAO,CHENGWEIDIHE。 RU:YONGYIYEGUANLIANXUXISHI,YONGPINGMINYIZHONGPEIYANG,DUIPEIYANGYEQIANGLI

皇冠足彩  ZHENDANG,JINXINGLIXINFENLICAOZUOBUSHENERCHANSHENGJIANDIHEFAPAO,HUOZAISHIYANGUANPEIYANGGUOCHENGZHONGTONGQIGUPAO,PAIQIJIADAIYEDI,QUYANGCAOZUODEYELIUPENSHE,YEDIFEIJIANDENG。

  (2)GANFEN ZAIMOUXIECHANGGUICAOZUOSANFADEXIWEIKELI,ZAIREKONGQIDUILIUXUNHUANXIAJIYICHUANBO。 RU:DAKAIJUNZHONGSHATUGUAN,BODONGBAOZIJUNLUO,FENSUIDONGGANPEIYANGWU,XUANKAISHENGYOUPEIYANGWUDEPINGGAI,BACHUPINGSAIDENG。

  (3)FUCHEN ZHEILEIQIRONGJIAODADOUSHIYIJINGBEIWURANDELIXIE,RONGMAO,PIFUXIE,DUANXIANWEI,HUIJIN,FENCHEN,CHENTUANDENG。 4.CHANGJIANDESHIYANCAOZUODEWEIXIAN YETICAOZUO、JIEZHONGCAOZUO、QIONGZHIPEIYANG、SHENCENGPEIYANG、LIXINFENLI、ZHUSHECAOZUO、SAIGAICAOZUO,YIJISHIYONGDEQIXIE、GONGJUHEQIMINDENG。


  SAN、SHEJIFANGAN ZISHANGSUOSHU,JIKONGZHONGXINSHIYANSHIDEJIANSHESHIYIGEFENGONGJIXI、ZHUANYEJIQIANG、SHIGONGJISHUJIGAODESHENGWUYILIAOGONGCHENG。SHEJIZHONGHAIYAOZHUYIDAO:


  (1)ZHENGQIUSHIYONGZHEHECAOZUOZHEDEYIJIAN,QUEDINGGONGYILIUCHENGTU;

皇冠足彩  (2)ANZHAOSILEIBINGYUANTIDETEXINGHEWURANTUJING,QUEDINGKONGZHIJISHUFANGANHEMIEJUNSHAJUNFANGAN;

皇冠足彩  (3)GENJUQIRONGJIAOTEXINGHESHIYANCAOZUODEWEIXIAN,ZHIDINGCHUJIEJINGDU、QILIULIUXIANG、LIUSUHEYACHATIDUCANSHU;

  (4)YOUSHIYANDONGWUDESHIYANSHIZICHENGYIQU,DULICHUANDI,DONGWUSHITIYAOWANQUANFENSHIMIEJUNHOU,CAINENGCHUANCHU;

皇冠足彩  (5)QUEDINGSUOYOUDESHIYANSHEBEI、GONGJU、XIANGJU、TAIANSHULIANGHECHICUN;

  (6)QUEDINGSHIYANSHIDEYUJING、GUANBI、ZIJIUHETAOSHENGFANGAN;


  1.RENLIUHEWULIU

皇冠足彩  (1) RENLIU: CHUGENGSHI—QIZHAGENGYISHI—LINYUGENGYISHI—FENGLINSHI—HUANCHONGSHI—JINRUSHIYANQU。LIKAISHIJINRUJINGSHENSHI(FANGJIANFUYA),TUOXIASHENSHANGSUOYOUDEYIWU,YIWUFANGRUSHUANGMENYAOYEJINPAOJU(HUOQITAFANGSHIXIAODUJU)NEI(SHUANGMENYAOYEJINPAOJUDEMENSHEJICHENGKONGZHISHIDE,BUYUNXUTONGSHIDAKAI);RANHOUJINRULINYUSHILINYU;LINYUHOUJINRUJILUSHI,DENGJIJILUZIJIDEGONGZUOHESHENTIWURANQINGKUANG,RANHOUNAZHESHENTIZHUANGKUANGBIAOJINRUTIJIANSHI,ZUOWURANHECHANGGUIJIANCHAHUOZHUSHIGUANCHA,WUWENTIJINRUQIZHAGENGYISHIHUANSHANGZIJIDEYIFUXIABAN。

  (2)WULIU WULIU:SHEJICHENGDANXIANGXINGDE,CONGZHUANMENDEKUFANG(HUOZANCUNJIAN)JINRUHUANCHONGJIAN,ZAIJINRUSHIYANSHI。LIKAISHIBIXUTONGGUOSHUANGMENREYAMIEJUNGUOJINRULINGYIGEHUANCHONGJIAN(SHUANGMENREYAMIEJUNJUDEMENSHEJICHENGKONGZHISHIDE,BUYUNXUTONGSHIDAKAI)。RENHEWULIAOZHIYAOJINRUSHISHIYANQU,BUNENGYUANLUFANHUI。

  (3)SANFEICHULI

皇冠足彩  a.FEIYE FEIYECHULIDEFANGFASHIGENJUFEIYEDEXINGZHIQUEDINGDECHULIFANGFADE。YIBANCAIQUDEFANGFAYOU:HUAXUECHULIFANGFA、WULICHULIFANGFA、SHENGWUCHULIFANGFA。

  b.FEIQI FEIQICHULIKECAIYONGDEFANGFAYOU:JIAREMIEJUNFANGFA、GAOXIAOGUOLVQIFANGFA、HUNHEMIEJUNFANGFA、HUOYANMIEJUNFANGFADENG。

皇冠足彩  c.GUTIFEILIAO GUTIFEILIAODECHULIFANGFAYOU:ZHENGQIMIEJUNFANGFA、QITIXUNZHENGFANGFA、YETIJINPAOFANGFA、FUSHEMIEJUNFANGFA、FENSHAOCHULIFANGFADENG。


  2.JIANZHU ZHUTIJIEGOUCAIYONGTUJIANFANGFA,YOUKANG8JIYISHANGDIZHENNENGLI,ZAIWENDUBIANHUAHEZHENDONGQINGKUANGXIABUCHANSHENGLIEWENHEFENGXI,JIANZHUWEIDANCENGHEDUOCENGJUNKE。ZUIHAOSHIDULIDEDUOCENGJIANZHU,ANGONGYIYAOQIUFENCENGHUAQU,BIANYUSHIYANHEGUANLI。

皇冠足彩  (1)QIANGBANHEDINGBAN SHINEIZHUANGXIUCAILIAOYUJIEJINGCHANGFANGDEZHUANGXIUCAILIAOBUYIYANG,CAIGANGFUHEBANBUYIZAIJIKONGZHONGXINSHIYANSHIZHONGSHIYONG;YUANYINZAIYUBANYUBANZHIJIANDECHAJIEFENGXITAIDA,SUIRANDAJIAOMIFENG,DANZAISIJIWENDUBIANHUAZHONGHENKUAILIECHUFENGXI。

  CANKAOFANGFA:

皇冠足彩  a.SHIYANSHIZHUANGXIUBEIJINGDEQIANGBANHEDINGBANKECAIYONGJIJIAGONGJINSHUBANFANGFA。SIBIANZHICHENGYOUMIFENGDIANDEYAOKOUCAO,TONGGUOKAKOUCAOMIFENG,FANGJIANDEYINYANGJIAOZHICHENG120DUJIAODEXIEBIAN;TADETEDIANZAIYUKAKOUYANMI,LUOSHUANJINGUMIFENG,WUSHENLOU,BUSHOUWENDUYINGXIANG,BUPAZHUANGJIBIANXING,QIANGDUDA。QUEDIANSHIZHUANGPEISUDUHEJIJIAGONGSUDUMANXIE。

  b.ZHUANGXIUKEFENCHENGLIANGBUFEN,JINGHUAQUCAIYONGCAIGANGFUHEBAN,WURANQUHEBANWURANQUCAIYONGDIYIFANGFA。

  c.ZAITUJIANGUOCHENGZHONGQIANGBIYUMAIXIAJINSHUGOUJIAN,DABUTOUYANKONG,GONGSI;DINGPENGYUJISHUJIACENGCAIYONGGANGJINSHUINIJIAOZHU,YULIUXIAKONGDONG,MAIXIAJINSHUGOUJIAN;QIANGBIHEDINGPENGBIAOMIANTUJIAOZHANTIEBUXIUGANGBAN,BANYUBANZHIJIANCAIYONGBUXIUGANGBANYATIAO,ZHUJIAO,YONGLUOSHUANJINGUMIFENG;YINYANGJIAOCAIYONGYUANHUR50JINSHUCAILIAO,TESHUJIAGONGHOU,ZHANTIEZAIQIANGJIAOSHANG。

皇冠足彩  d.ZAITUJIANGUOCHENGZHONGDEQIANGBIHEDINGPENGSHANGYUMAIXIASULIAOGOUJIAN,ZHUANGXIUSHIHANJIESULIAOBAN,YINYANGJIAOYONGSULIAOBANJIAGONGZHIZUO,FANGJINGDIANKEXIANGQIANJINSHUTIAO,DIMIANZUOCHENGFANGJINGDIANDIBANHUOJINSHUDIBAN。

皇冠足彩  e.QITACAILIAO,KEXUANYONGBIAOMIANGUANGJIE、PINGZHENG、WUFENGXI、BUQIHUI、NAIFUSHI、NAICHONGJI、YIQINGXIDECAILIAO。

皇冠足彩  (2)DIMIAN DIMIANYINGGUANGHUA、PINGZHENG、BUQIHUI、NAIFUSHI、NAICHONGJI、BUJIJUJINGDIAN、YICHUCHENQINGXI。

  (3)根据病原性微生物的生物危害和致病特点,要合理匹配实验室房间和净化设施,每个实验项目与净化设施要自成系统,而且操作中的传递距离要最近,最好是在净化设施内传递,这样净化设备可以制造成群组性的,传递停留处设有气闸仓,而且每个实验阶段的净化设备要独立房间自成系统,房间之间用气闸仓连接,防止环境污染。 不同的实验项目,采取不同的洁净技术手段。如放射性元素的实验室净化,就区别于其它的实验室净化。在制造净化设备时,在结构上要安装防射线穿透的材料,根据放射性元素的惯性和扩散原理,采用雾化离心技术,并且根据放射性元素的衰变期来决定排放控制方法和时间。在制造净化设备时,可以安装机械手和电视监控系统。 疾控中心实验室要有高水平的自动化控制系统和安全报警系统,有的房间要设立平衡压力的值班风机,要害房间要安装紧急关闭系统和自救逃生系统,确保疾控中心实验室的安全使用。 总之,我国的病原性微生物实验室皇冠足彩的建设,还在发展阶段,我们要向外国学习先进的方法和经验,少走弯路。并且按照病原性微生物实验室的规律建设出中国的病原性微生物疾控中心实验室来。


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