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【实验室标准】实验室标准管理体系推行知多少

发布时间:2019-06-18 10:25来源:TMOON点击:

企业实验室获得国家实验室认可,即在企业内部和外部为企业经营提供了信任与信誉,不仅使企业具有核心竞争力,而且对企业在国内外市场上打破技术壁垒具有重要的现实意义。
 

实验室的核心工作是出具准确合格的检测或校准数据。为保证实验室工作的正常开展,企业应建立适当的实验室管理体系来规范这些实验室的各项工作。


一般的企业对检测实验室皇冠足彩管理有两个阶段:第一阶段是分散管理阶段,贯彻ISO9000体系,由设立实验室的公司各部门按照部门管理要求自行管理;第二阶段为相对独立的管理阶段。

 

建立实验室标准管理体系的必要性


企业实验室一般为企业内部实验室。在第一阶段分散管理阶段,尽管公司各部门为开展工作需要设立实验室,建立了检测实验室管理制度或要求,保证了实验室的运行,但从公司层面对实验室的管理要求来看,分散管理实验室的模式有着天然的缺陷,制定实验室制度或要求所依据的标准不统一;实验室缺乏有效的自我监督机制,管理水平不能得到持续改进;实验室出具的检测或校准数据无法得到社会公认。


 

因此,建成相对独立的检测实验室,按照ISO/IEC17025《检测和校准实验室能力的通用要求》或CNAS-CL01《认可准则》,建立统一标准的管理体系,开展标准化作业,实验室管理层应确立通过参加实验室认可,来建立实验室标准管理体系的思路,并给予良好的实践。


 

实验室标准管理体系的建立


 

SHOUXIAN,YIGUIFANHETIGAOSHIYANSHIGUANLISHUIPING,JIANLITONGYIBIAOZHUNDESHIYANSHIGUANLITIXIWEIMUBIAO,KAISHIZHESHOUSHIYANSHIBIAOZHUNGUANLITIXIDEJIANLI。ZAISHIYANSHIBIAOZHUNGUANLITIXIDEJIANLIGUOCHENGZHONG,ZHUYAOJINXINGYIXIAFANGMIANDEGONGZUO。


 

1、实验室标准管理体系组织机构的建立


 

皇冠足彩SHIYANSHIZUZHIYINGSHIYIGENENGGOUCHENGDANFALVZERENDESHITI,QIEYOUZERENQUEBAOSUOCONGSHIJIANCEHEXIAOZHUNGONGZUOFUHEISO/IEC17025《JIANCEHEXIAOZHUNSHIYANSHINENGLIDETONGYONGYAOQIU》HUOCNAS-CL01《RENKEZHUNZE》DEYAOQIU,BINGNENGMANZUKEHU、FADINGGUANLIJIGOUDEXUQIU。


 

CHENGLIGONGSIJIANCESHIYANSHI,QUELISHIYANSHIZUZHIJIGOUHEGUANLICENG,SHIYANSHIYIBANYOULIXUEJIANCESHI、JINXIANGJIANCESHIHEHUAXUEFENXI(HUOGUANGPUJIANCE)SHIDENG,CONGERWEIJIANCESHIYANSHIBIAOZHUNGUANLITIXIDEJIANLITIGONGZUZHISHANGDEBAOZHENG。


 

2、实验室管理文件的规范化、体系化


 

皇冠足彩JIANLIJIANCESHIYANSHIBIAOZHUNGUANLITIXIDEZUIZHONGMUDESHIBAOZHENGSHIYANSHICHUJUDESHUJUZHUNQUEKEKAO,DANRUHEDADAOZHEIGEMUDEZEXUYAOYITAOGUIFAN、KECAOZUODESHIYANSHIGUANLITIXIWENJIANJIYUBAOZHANG。CONGJIANLISHIYANSHIBIAOZHUNGUANLITIXIGONGZUOYISHI,SHIYANSHIGUANLICENGJIUYINGSHIFENZHUYISHIYANSHIGUANLITIXIWENJIANDEBIANZHIGONGZUO。ZAISHIYANSHIGUANLIRENYUANRENZHENXUEXILINGHUIISO/IEC17025《JIANCEHEXIAOZHUNSHIYANSHINENGLIDETONGYONGYAOQIU》HUOCNAS-CL01《RENKEZHUNZE》HEQITARENKEWENJIANDEJICHUSHANG,GOUSI、CHOUHUA、XIUGAI,ZUIZHONGBIANZHIFUHERENKEZHUNZEQIEMANZUSHIYANSHIJUTITEDIANDEGUANLITIXIWENJIAN。


 

实验室管理体系文件可分为三个层次:

ACENGCIWENJIAN《ZHILIANGSHOUCE》:YIJUSHIYANSHIRENKEZHUNZE25GEYAOSUHEGONGSINEIBUDUISHIYANSHIGUANLIDEJUTIYAOQIUBIANZHIDESHIYANSHIGUANLITIXIGANGLINGXINGWENJIAN。

BCENGCIWENJIAN《CHENGXUWENJIAN》:DUIRUHELUOSHISHIYANSHISUOYOUGUANLIYAOSUBINGKAIZHANGONGZUOJINXINGJUTIGUIDINGDE33GECHENGXUWENJIAN。

CCENGCIWENJIAN:KAIZHANJISHUHUODONGSUOYIJUHUOCANKAODEWENJIAN,RUJIANDINGGUICHENG、XIAOZHUNGUIFAN、ZUOYEZHIDAOSHUDENG。


 

3、实验室的试运行及认可初评审


SUIZHEJIANCESHIYANSHIBIAOZHUNGUANLITIXIZUZHIJIGOUDEJIANLI,GUANLITIXIWENJIANDEBIANZHIWANCHENG,SHIYANSHIGUANLITIXIDEDAOCHUBUJIANLI。DANSHI,GUANLITIXISHIFOUDADAOYUQIDEMUDE,ZEBIXUJINGSHOUDAOSHIJIANDEJIANYAN。ZAISHIYUNXINGJIEDUANZHICHUPINGSHENQIJIAN,SHIYANSHIGENJU《ZHILIANGSHOUCE》、《CHENGXUWENJIAN》DEYAOQIUJINXINGGEXIANGGUANLIHEJISHUHUODONG,QIZHONGGUANLIHUODONGYOU,NEIBUSHENHE、GUANLIPINGSHEN、SHOUKONGWENJIANDEGUANLI、KEHUYIJIANZHENGQIU,DUISHIYANSHIGONGZUODEZHILIANGJIANDUDENG。JISHUHUODONGZHUYAOYOU,QIJIANHECHA、JIANCEHEXIAOZHUNJIEGUODEZHILIANGBAOZHENG、CANJIANENGLIYANZHENG、JIANCEHEXIAOZHUNFANGFADEQUEREN、BIANZHIYUANSHIJILUHEJIANCERENYUANZIZHIZHENGSHUDENG。


 

皇冠足彩ZAIZONGJIESHIYANSHIGUANLITIXISHIYUNXINGCHENGGUODEJICHUSHANG,ZHISHAOXUYAOYUNXINGBANNIANYISHANG,WANCHENGSHIYANSHICHUPINGSHENSHENQINGWENJIANDEBIANZHI,TIJIAOZHONGGUOHEGEPINGDINGGUOJIARENKEWEIYUANHUISHIYANSHIRENKECHUPINGSHEN,QIJIANZAISANGEYUEZHILIUGEYUEHUOGENGZHANG,BIXUWANCHENGBUHEGEXIANGDEZHENGGAIHETIXIDEWANSHAN。SHIYANSHIRENKECHUPINGSHENDESHUNLITONGGUO,SHIYANZHENGSHIYANSHIGUANLITIXIYUNXINGYOUXIAODEDIYIBU,BIAOZHIZHESHIYANSHIBIAOZHUNGUANLITIXIDEJIANLI。


 

实验室标准管理体系的运行


 

YINGLEJIESHIYANSHIRENKECHUPINGSHENHOU,MEINIANBIXUJINXINGYICIWAIBUJIANDUPINGSHEN;3NIANHOUHAIYAOJIESHOUZHONGGUOHEGEPINGDINGGUOJIARENKEWEIYUANHUISHIYANSHIRENKEFUPINGSHEN。TONGGUOSHIYANSHIGUIFANHUADEGUANLIHUODONGHEJISHUHUODONG,SHIYANSHIZHILIANGFANGZHENHEZHILIANGMUBIAODEYISHIXIAN,SHIYANSHIDEGUANLISHUIPINGDEDAOWENBUTIGAO,ZAISHIJIDEYUNXINGGUOCHENGZHONG,SHIYANSHIZHUYAOJINXINGYIXIAJIFANGMIANDEGUANLIHUODONGHEJISHUHUODONG。


 

1、实验室管理活动


1)接收实验室认可机构对实验室的各项评审

皇冠足彩SHIYANSHIJIESHOUBINGTONGGUOSHIYANSHIRENKEQUANWEIJIGOUDEPINGSHEN,SHISHIYANSHIGUANLITIXIYOUXIAOYUNZUOBINGZHENGMINGQIGUANLITIXIMANZUXIANGGUANZHUNZEDEZHUYAOBIAOZHI,TONGSHIYESHIYICIXUEXIWAIBUYOUXIUSHIYANSHIGUANLIJINGYANDELIANGJI。SHIYANSHIRENKEJIGOUDUISHIYANSHIDEPINGSHENZHUYAOYOUCHUPINGSHEN、JIANDUPINGSHENHEFUPINGSHENSANZHONGLEIXING,WULUNSHIYANSHIJIESHOUHEZHONGLEIXINGDEWAIBUPINGSHEN,SHIYANSHIJUNYAOYIRENZHENDETAIDULAIJIESHOUPINGSHEN。TONGCHANGQINGKUANGXIASHIYANSHIJIESHOUWAIBUPINGSHENZHUYAOYOUSANGEGONGZUOJIEDUAN。


 

①PINGSHENQIANDEZHUNBEIJIEDUAN:ZAISHIYANSHIJIESHOUWAIBUPINGSHENQIAN,SHIYANSHIYINGGENJUPINGSHENJIHUAHEPINGSHENZUZHUANJIADEYAOQIUZUOHAOGEXIANGZHUNBEIGONGZUO,BAOKUOGELEIWENJIAN(SHENQINGWENJIAN、GUANLIWENJIAN、JISHUWENJIANDENG)DEZHUNBEI,PINGSHENSHISHIJIHUADEGOUTONGJIZHIDING、SHIYANYANGPINDEZHUNBEI、PINGSHENBANGONGTIAOJIANDEQUERENDENGGONGZUO。


 

②PINGSHENDESHISHIJIEDUAN:ZAICIJIEDUANSHIYANSHIYINGJINLIPEIHEPINGSHENZUDEXIANCHANGPINGSHEN,GENJUPINGSHENZUZHUANJIADEFENGONGQINGKUANGZHIDINGZHUANRENTIGONGJISHIZHOUDAODEFUWU,BINGZAIGUIDINGDESHIJIANNEITIGONGSHIYANSHIYOUXIAOYUNXINGDEGELEIZHENGJU,CONGERBAOZHENGXIANCHANGPINGSHENDEGAOXIAOSHISHI。


 

 ③PINGSHENHOUBUFUHEXIANGZHENGGAIJIEDUAN:MEICISHIYANSHIJIESHOUWAIBUPINGSHENJUNHUIFAXIANSHULIANGBUDENGDEBUHEGEXIANG,SHIYANSHIYINGZAIYUPINGSHENZUZHUANJIAQUERENZHEIXIEBUFUHEXIANGDEJICHUSHANG,ZAIGUIDINGDESHIJIANNEIRENZHENFENXICHANSHENGBUFUHEXIANGDEGENBENYUANYINBINGKAIZHANYOUXIAODEJIUZHENGXINGDONG(ZHU:ZAICIQIJIANSHIYANSHIYINGYUPINGSHENZUZHUANJIABAOCHIGOUTONG,CONGERBAOZHENGPINGSHENZUZHUANJIALEJIE,BINGRENKESHIYANSHIDEGENBENYUANYINFENXIHEJIUZHENGCUOSHI),BINGXIANGPINGSHENZUZUZHANGDIJIAOZHENGMINGXINGCAILIAO,YIZHENGMINGSHIYANSHIDUIBUFUHEXIANGDEYOUXIAOGUANBI。


 

2)定期进行实验室管理评审

SHIYANSHIGUANLIPINGSHENSHIYOUSHIYANSHIZUIGAOGUANLICENGJIUSHIYANSHIZHILIANGFANGZHENDESHIYIXING,ZHILIANGMUBIAODESHIXIAN、SHIYANSHIGUANLITIXI、JIANCEHUODONGDEXIANZHUANGHESHIYINGXINGJINXINGDEZHENGSHIPINGSHEN。GUANLIPINGSHENDEZHONGDIANSHIGUANZHUGUANLITIXIDESHIYINGXING、CHONGFENXINGHEYOUXIAOXING,ZAIGUANLIPINGSHENHUODONGZHONGYINGDUIYIXIAFANGMIANJINXINGPINGJIA;SHIYANSHIZHILIANGFANGZHENDESHIYINGXINGHEZHILIANGMUBIAODEWANCHENGQINGKUANG,ZHILIANGSHOUCEHECHENGXUWENJIANDESHIYINGXING、ZHILIANGGUANLIHEJIANDURENYUANDEBAOGAO、JINQINEIBUSHENHEDEJIEGUO、JIUZHENGHEYUFANGCUOSHI、YOUWAIBUJIGOUPINGSHENFAXIANDEWENTI、SHIYANSHIJIANBIDUIHUONENGLIYANZHENGDEJIEGUO、GONGZUOLIANGHEGONGZUOLEIXINGDEBIANHUA、KEHUDEFANKUI、TOUSUDENG。


 

3)定期进行实验室内部评审

实验室定期进行内部审核工作是实验室自我监督控制体系中的核心环节,是实验室管理体系有效运行的标志,也是不断发现问题,持续改进实验室管理体系的基础,内部审核的结果可为实验室管理层采取改进措施提供准确的信息。实验室内部审核工作的主要工作内容有:建立内部审核专门的程序文件、实验室内审员的培训及授权、编制年度审核计划和实施计划、内部审核的现场实施、内审报告的编制、不符合项的出具、纠正措施的实施及验证等。


 

4)实验室所用的各类文件的跟踪,及时确认更新

ZISHIYANSHIJIANLIBINGYUNXINGYILAI,SHIYANSHIRENKEZHUNZE、QITARENKEWENJIANHEKAIZHANGONGZUOSUOYONGDEJISHUGUIFANJIANGHUIYOUXIUDINGBANBENDEGENGXIN,WEIBAOZHENGSHIYANSHIKAIZHANGEXIANGGONGZUOSUOYIJUWENJIANDESHIXIAOXING,SHIYANSHIBIXUJIANLIDUIZHEILEIWENJIANDEGENZONGJIZHI。


 

MUQIANSHIYANSHIYINGGUIDINGJISHUFUZERENHEZHILIANGFUZERENZAIGUIDINGDEZHOUQINEIFUZEGENZONGJISHULEIWENJIANHEGUANLILEIWENJIANDEBIANGENG,ZAIYOUGUANWENJIANBIANGENGDEQINGKUANGXIA,ZUZHISHIYANSHIYOUGUANRENYUANHUOXIANGGUANFANGJINXINGWENJIANBIANGENGDEQUEREN,BINGJIANGBIANGENGHOUDEYAOQIULUOSHIDAOSHIYANSHIXIANGGUANWENJIANZHONG,CONGERYOUXIAODIBAOZHENGSHIYANSHIGELEIWENJIANDESHIXIAOXING。


 

5)服务客户,定期进行客户随访

实验室的质量方针之一是“客户满意、满意度大于95%”等等,是实验室质量目标的一项内容。实验室在管理体系运行过程中,始终树立为客户提供优质服务的理念,通过各种方式开展客户意见调查,对客户的反馈意见进行分析统计,认真对待客户提出的改进建议和意见,并在实验室内部进行整改,确保实验室服务客户的质量方针和质量目标得以实现。
 


 

6)不断进行实验室人员培训

皇冠足彩SHIYANSHISUOYOUDEGUANLIHUODONGHEJISHUHUODONGZUIZHONGSHIYOUSHIYANSHIGONGZUORENYUANLAIWANCHENG,LIHUAJIANYANRENYUANDEJISHUZIGEFENWEISANGEDENGJI:YIJIWEICHUJI,ERJIWEIZHONGJI,SANJIWEIGAOJI。JISHUPEIXUN、ZIGEJIANDINGANBUTONGZHUANYEBUTONGDENGJIFENBIEJINXING。YIJIRENYUANZHENGQUEJILUHEJISUANJIANYANJIEGUO,TIANXIESHIYANBAOGAODAN;ERJIRENYUANSHUXIYOUGUANBIAOZHUNHEJISHUTIAOJIAN,BINGYICIJIESHIJIANYANJIEGUO,ZHENGQUEZUOCHUJIANYANJIELUN,SHENHEJIANYANBAOGAO,DUIJIANYANBAOGAODEZHENGQUEXINGFUZE;JISHUFUZERENHELIHUAJIANYANBAOGAODEPIZHUN、QIANFARENYUANYINGJUBEIGONGCHENGSHIJIYISHANGJISHUZHICHENG、SHUXIGUOJIAZHILIANGGONGZUODEYOUGUANFALVFAGUI、FANGZHENZHENGCE,YINGZAIQUDEERJIHUOSANJIJISHUZIGEDERENYUANZHONGZEYOURENYONG。


 

WEICI,SHIYANSHIYINGBAOZHENGSHIYANSHIGONGZUORENYUANDEPEIXUNHEZAIPEIXUN,CONGERWEISHIYANSHIGEXIANGGONGZUODEWANCHENGTIGONGHEGEDERENLIZIYUANBAOZHANG。SHIYANSHIZAIGUANLIJIGOUZHONGPEIBEIJIANZHIPEIXUNJIANGSHI,MEINIANZHIDINGRENYUANPEIXUNJIHUA,BINGZAIGONGSIDEPEIXUNJINGFEIZHONGYULIUYIBUFEN,TONGGUOSHISHIPEIXUNJIHUAZHONGDEWAIBUPEIXUNHENEIBUPEIXUNHUODONG,BAOZHENGSHIYANSHIZAIBUDUANDERENYUANBIANDONGGUOCHENGZHONG,GONGZUORENYUANJISHUNENGLIDEHEGUANLIJINENGDEDAOBUDUANTISHENG,WEISHIYANSHIGEXIANGGONGZUODEYOUXIAOKAIZHANYOUZUGOUDERENLIBAOZHANG。


 

7)实验室日常工作监督常态化

SHIYANSHIZAIKAIZHANGEXIANGGONGZUODETONGSHI,YINGDUISHIYANSHIJIANCEHUOXIAOZHUNHUODONGJINXINGCHANGTAIHUADEJIANDU。WEIBAOZHENGDUISHIYANSHIJIANDUGONGZUOYOUXIAOKAIZHAN,ANZHAOSHIYANSHIJIANDUCHENGXU,ZAIJIANCESHIYANSHIDENIANDUGONGZUOJIHUAZHONG,JUNZHIDINGXIANGYINGDEJIANDUJIHUA,TONGGUOCHANGTAIHUADERICHANGJIANDUGONGZUO,SHISHIYANSHIGONGZUORENYUANWULUNZAIJIESHOUGEXIANGJIANCHADETEDINGSHIQI,HAISHIZAIRICHANGGONGZUOZHONGJUNNENGANSHIYANSHIGUANLIDEGEXIANGYAOQIUKAIZHANGONGZUO,CONGERNENGBAOZHENGSHIYANSHIDEGEXIANGGONGZUOZHILIANG。


 

实验室技术活动


1、参加能力验证(测量审核)工作

ZAISHIYANSHIRENKELINGYU,NENGLIYANZHENGSHILIYONGSHIYANSHIJIANBIDUILAIQUEDINGSHIYANSHIJIANCENENGLIDEYIZHONGHUODONG,SHISHIYANSHIZHENGMINGQIJISHUNENGLIDEYIZHONGSHOUDUAN,BINGYUXIANCHANGPINGSHENGOUCHENGHUBUDENENGLIPINGJIAGUANXI。SHIYANSHIYINGGAODUZHONGSHICANJIANENGLIYANZHENGGONGZUO,ZAIBUDUANZONGJIECANJIANENGLIYANZHENGGONGZUOJINGYANDEJICHUSHANG,ZHUBUBAJIANCEXIANGMUQUANBUTONGGUOCNASNENGLIYANZHENG。ZAISANNIANYIGEZHOUQINEI,NENGLIYANZHENGXIANGMUJIBENFUGAISHIYANSHISUOKAIZHANDEJIANCEXIANGMU。


 

2、开展期间核查活动

QIJIANHECHASHIWEIBAOZHENGSHIYANSHISHEBEIXIAOZHUNZHUANGTAIDEZHIXINDU,ERDUISHEBEISHIZHI(XIUZHENGZHI、XIUZHENGYINZI)ZAIGUIDINGDESHIJIANJIANGENEI,SHIFOUBAOCHIQIGUIDINGDEZUIDAYUNXUWUCHA(KUOZHANBUQUEDINGDU、ZHUNQUEDUDENGJI)YIZHONGJISHUHECHA,QIMUDESHIBAOCHISHIYANSHISHEBEIXIAOZHUNZHUANGTAIDEKEXINDU。QIJIANHECHAZUOWEISHIYANSHICELIANGGUOCHENGDEJIANKONGSHOUDUANZHIYI,DUISHIYANSHICHUJUDECELIANGSHUJUZHUNQUEXINGQIZHEFEICHANGZHONGYAODEZUOYONG。TONGGUOQIJIANHECHA,SHIYANSHIYIDANFAXIANCELIANGSHEBEICHUXIANPIANLI,JIUKEYICAIQUSHIDANGDEFANGFAHUOCUOSHIZUIDAXIANDUJIANSHAOHEJIANGDIYOUYUSHEBEIHUOXIAOZHUNZHUANGTAISHIXIAOERCHANSHENGDEFENGXIAN,CONGERYOUXIAODIWEIHUSHIYANSHIHEKEHUDELIYI。

SHIYANSHIZAINIANDUGONGZUOJIHUAZHONGJUNBIANZHISHIYANSHIQIJIANHECHAJIHUA,HELIXUANZEBEIHECHASHEBEI,YUNYONGKEXUEDETONGJIJISUANFANGFA,YOUZHUANYEJIANCESHIANJIHUASHISHIHECHAJIHUA,CONGERBAOZHENGSHIYANSHISHEBEIDEDAOCHIXUYOUXIAODEJIANKONG。


 

3、开展实验室检测结果质量保证活动

SHIYANSHIKAIZHANJIANCEJIEGUOZHILIANGBAOZHENGHUODONGSHISHIYANSHIJIANKONGJIANCEGONGZUOZHILIANGDEYOUXIAOSHOUDUANZHIYI。SHIYANSHIZAICHENGXUWENJIANZHONGBIANZHI《SHIYANSHIJIANCEDEJIEGUOZHILIANGBAOZHENGCHENGXU》BINGGENJUCHENGXUWENJIANDEYAOQIU,ZAISHIYANSHINIANDUGONGZUOJIHUAZHONGZHIDINGJIANCEJIEGUOZHILIANGBAOZHENGJIHUA,QUEDINGNIANDUZHILIANGBAOZHENGHUODONGXIANGMU,YOUXIANGMUFUZERENGENJUJIHUAANPAIKAIZHANHUODONG,BINGFENXIZAIHUODONGZHONGSUOHUODEDEJIEGUOHUOSHUJU,DANGFAXIANJIEGUOHUOSHUJUHUOJIANGCHAOCHUYUXIANQUEDINGDEPANJUSHI,ZECAIQUJIUZHENGHUOYUFANGCUOSHI,FANGZHIBAOGAOCUOWUDEJIEGUO,CONGERDADAODUISHIYANSHIJIANCEHUODONGJINXINGYOUXIAOJIANKONGDEMUDE。


 

4、开展实验室各检测项目的测量不确定度评定

皇冠足彩CELIANGBUQUEDINGDUSHIYUCELIANGJIEGUOXIANGGUANLIANDE、BIAOZHENGHELIDIFUYUBEICELIANGZHIFENSANXINGDECANSHU。CELIANGJIEGUODEZHILIANGYOULAIYUCELIANGBUQUEDINGDUDEZHENGQUEPINGDING。SHIYANSHIYINGGAODUZHONGSHICELIANGBUQUEDINGDUPINGDINGJISHUHUODONG,SHOUXIANZAICHENGXUWENJIANZHONGBIANZHI《SHIYANSHICELIANGBUQUEDINGDUPINGDINGCHENGXU》,BINGDUIZHUANYEJISHURENYUANCHIXUDEWAIBUPEIXUNHENEIBUJIAOLIU,SHIQIZHANGWOZHENGQUEDECELIANGBUQUEDINGDUPINGDINGFANGFA,DUISHIYANSHIKAIZHANDESUOYOUJIANCEXIANGMUJINXINGHELIDECELIANGBUQUEDINGDUPINGDING,CONGERYOUXIAODIBAOZHENGSHIYANSHICHUJUDEJIEGUOZHUNQUEKEKAO。


 

皇冠足彩ZONGZHI,SHIYANSHITONGGUOJIANLIYOUXIAOYUNXINGBIAOZHUNGUANLITIXI,SHISHIYANSHIDEZHILIANGGUANLITONGGUOPDCADEXUNHUANDEDAOCHIXUGAIJIN,CONGERBAOZHENGSHIYANSHI“ZHILIANGFANGZHEN”HE“ZHILIANGMUBIAO”DEQUANMIANSHIXIAN,WEIZHONGGUOZHIZAOYOUHAOYOUKUAIDEFAZHANZUOCHUJIJIDEGONGXIAN。


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