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【临床实验室建设】温医大附一院临床实验室建设

发布时间:2019-05-15 15:20来源:吴缨点击:

  现代临床实验室建设应符合以下几点要求:

皇冠足彩  LINCHUANGSHIYANSHIDEFAZHANYUBIANQIAN;

皇冠足彩  XIANDAIYILIAODUISHIYANSHIDEYAOQIU;

  XINXIJISHUYUZIDONGHUADEJINZHAN;

皇冠足彩  RENXINGHUASHEJIHESHENGWUANQUANYAOQIU。


  YI、SHEJILINIAN、BUJUJIGUIMO

  1、SHEJILINIAN

  JISHENGTAIHUA、RENWENHUA、ZHINENGHUA、XINXIHUAWEIYITI,ZHILIDAZAOANQUAN、BIANJIEDEJIUZHENFUWUXINLIUCHENG。

  2、ZHULOUFENQUJIJIANYANZHONGXINWEIZHI

  MENJIZHENYIJIBINGFANGZONGHELOUGONG31WANPINGMI,FENCHENGSANDAGONGNENGQU:ZHUANKEZHONGXIN、YIJIZHONGXINHEHULIZHONGXIN,TONGGUOYIJIGONGNENGQUKUAIDEJIZHONGHUASHIYIYUANNEIDEZIYUANDEDAOZUIHELIDELIYONG。JIANYANZHONGXINWEIYUYIJIZHONGXINDEBEIMIANERCENG,YICENGWEIJIZHEN,SAN、SICENGWEISHOUSHUZHONGXIN ,ZAIYIJIZHONGXINDELIANGCEFENBIESHEJILEKUANDUWEI7.8~15MIDETONGZHANGJIAOTONGLANG,JIEGOUWEI7.8*8.5MIKUANGJIAMOSHI,BIANYUJINHOUSHENGJIGAIZAO。

  

位置图


皇冠足彩  3、LINCHUANGYIXUEJIANYANZHONGXINGUIMO

  

规模一层

规模二层


  二、实验室建设与检验流程的匹配

  1、MENZHENHUANZHEJIANYANLIUCHENG

  

门诊患者检验流程


皇冠足彩  2、CAIJIDIANFENQUSHEZHI

皇冠足彩  MEICHUANGMENZHENZHUANKEZHONGXINJUNSHEZHICAIYANGDIAN,JIZHENYOUDULIDEJIANYANZHONGXIN。JIANYANZHONGXINSHEZHIKAIFANGSHIDECHUANGKOU,YILAJINYIHUANGUANXI;TONGSHISHEZHIDANGBAN,YIBAOHUHUANZHEDEYINSI。

  

采集点分区设置


皇冠足彩  3、BIAOBENYUNSONG、JIESHOU

  WENYIDAFUYIYUANSHIYANSHIZAIJIANSHEGUOCHENGZHONGMEIYOUSHEJIZIDONGWULIUXITONG,SHIZUIYIHANDESHIQING。YINCIBUDEBUCAIQURENGONGWULIU,MEI15FENZHONGLIUZHUANYICI;SHEZHIJIZHONGJIESHOUCHU,LIRUXUEYE、TIYE、WEISHENGWUDENGBIAOBENJIESHOUCHU,BIAOBENDEYUNSONG、SHOUJIGUOCHENGSHIXINGXINXIHUAJIANKONG。

  

标本运送、接收


  4、内部实验室设计

  NEIBUSHIYANSHISHEJIZHUYAOCAIYONGXIAOKAIJIANDADAKAIJIANKAIFANGSHIXIANGJIEHEDEMOSHI。

  (1)XIAOKAIJIANSHIYANSHI

  YOUDIAN:GONGZUOXIANGDUIDULI,RENYUAN、ZAOYIN、WENSHIDUHEDIANCIDENGYINSUXIANGHUGANRAOSHAO,YEBURONGYICHANSHENGJIAOCHAWURAN.

  QUEDIAN:GONGZUOGOUTONGXIEDIAOKUNNAN、GONGYONGZIYUANLANGFEI。

  (2)KAIFANGSHISHIYANSHI

皇冠足彩  YOUDIAN:HAOHUAQIPAI、KEYIYOUHUAGONGZUOLIUCHENG、HELISHIYONGPEIZHI、RENYUANJIZHONGDIAOPEI,YEGENGJULINGHUOXING。

皇冠足彩  QUEDIAN:ZAOYINDA、SANRELIANGDAHEDIANCIDEXIANGHUGANRAO,JIAOCHAWURANDEFENGXIANYEJIAOGAO,GENJUGEGEZHUANYEDETEDIAN,CAIYONGXIAOKAIJIANHEDAKAIJIANXIANGJIEHEDEBUJU。

  

内部实验室设计


  5、BIAOBENZHUANGTAI——XINXIHUAQUANCHENGJIANKONG

  SHISHIXINXIHUAQUANCHENGJIANKONGDEBIAOBENGUANLIFANGSHIKESHIXINXIHUAGUANLIZHUISUDAOMEIGEHUANJIE,JUTIDAOSHIJIANDIANHEZERENREN,FANGBIANZHUNQUEGUANLIBIAOBENXINXI。

  

标本状态


  SAN、LINCHUANGSHIYANSHISHEJIZHONGDIANKAOLVYINSU

  1、LINCHUANGSHIYANSHIMIANJI、GONGNENGFENQU

  (1)MIANJIYAOQIU

  ZONGMIANJINENGGOUMANZUHELIDEWANCHENGLINCHUANGJIANCEGONGZUODEXUYAO,TONGSHIFUHESHENGWUANQUANDENGXIANGYINGGUIDINGDEYAOQIU;

  大小实验室配置:按照各个专业的需求进行合理配置。

  (2)GONGNENGFENQU

  功能分区要清晰、明确,将有效的空间划分为清洁区、缓冲区和污染区,按需设置具有净化等级的PCR实验室和细胞培养室。

  

临床实验室面积、功能分区


  2、LINCHUANGSHIYANSHIJI、PAISHUI

  (1)CHUNSHUIXITONG

  DAXINGSHIYANSHIJIANYISHELIXUNHUANSHIJIZHONGCHUNSHUIZHIBEIGONGYINGXITONG,BENYUANSHIYANSHIGAOFENGQIJINGSHUISHIYONGLIANG:800-1000SHENG/XIAOSHI;SHEJISHIXUKAOLVTESHUQINGKUANGXIADUANSHUISHIDEYINGJI:BEIYONGSHUIYUAN、JIADACHUSHUIGUANSHEJIDENG。

  

实验室纯水系统


皇冠足彩  (2)SHIYANSHIFEIYE、WUSHUIDECHULIHEPAIFANG

  SHIYANSHIHUIJINGCHANGSHEJIFEIYE、FEISHUIDENGWUWUDEPAIFANG,DUICHULIJIPAIFANGDEYAOQIUYEBIJIAOGAO。CHANGJIANDECHULIFANGFAYOUWULIFA、HUAXUEFA、SHENGWUFADENG,PAIFANGFANGSHIYAOKAOLVBUTONGXINGZHIDEWUWUCAIQUBUTONGDEPAIFANGFANGSHI,JINLIANGXUANYONGNAIFUSHIXINGPAISHUIGUAN。

皇冠足彩  •ZHU:SHEJISHIYINGKAOLVSHIYANTAIDEBAIFANG,YULIUPAISHUIGUANDEWEIZHI。

  3、LINCHUANGSHIYANSHIYONGDIAN

皇冠足彩  LINCHUANGSHIYANSHIDIANLIXITONGFENWEIZHAOMINGYONGDIAN、DONGLIYONGDIANHESHEBEIYONGDIANSANZHONG,DIANLIXITONGSHEJIYAOKEXUEJISUANFUZAIJIXIANGPIPEIDEDIANXIAN、KAIGUAN、CHAZUODENGPEIJIAN。

  (1)ZONGDEANQUANYUANZE:

皇冠足彩  YAOYOUHELIDEYONGDIANHUILU;YAOSHEZHIQIEDUANDIANYUANDEZONGZHADAOHEDIANYUANANQUANBAOHU;YAOMANZUSHEBEIDUIDIANYUANDIANYADEYAOQIU;YAOPEIBEIYINGJIDIANYUANXITONG;YAOYOUFANGLEIJIJIEDIXITONG。

皇冠足彩  (2)SHIYANSHIDIANLISHEJIYINGKAOLVYIXIAJIDIAN:

  SHUANGLUDIANYUAN

  ANXUPEIZHIHELIDEDIANYUAN

  SHEZHIBUJIANDUANDIANYUANXITONG(UPS)

  TESHUZHAOMINGSHEBEI:RUZIWAIDENGYAODINGSHIKAIQI

皇冠足彩  ZHAOMINGSHEBEIDEKAIGUANKONGZHI

皇冠足彩  (3)JIZHONGSHIUPSJIFANG

  UPSDIANCHIRONGLIANGBUXUTAIDA,CHIXUSHIJIANBUYONGTAIJIU,15FENZHONGZUOYOU,TINGDIANQIEHUANYINGJISHIQIDONG,ZAISHEJISHIHOUYAOKAOLVJIFANGDETESHUCHENGZHONG,BAOZHANGSHEBEIANQUAN,HAIYAOKAOLVJIFANGSANREDEWENTI。

  

UPS机房


  4、临床实验室通风设计

皇冠足彩  TONGFENGSHEJIDEMUDE:JISHIPAICHUGEZHONGYOUDUDE、YOUFUSHIXINGDE、CIJIXINGDEWUZHIHUOJUYOUSHENGWUWEIHAIDEQIRONGJIAO,BAOHUREN、HUANJINGHESHESHI;

  SHIYANSHIDETONGFENGFANGSHI:LIANGZHONG;JIJUBUPAIFENGHEQUANSHITONGFENG;

皇冠足彩  JUBUPAIFENG:TONGFENGJUHUOSHENGWUANQUANJU;

  QUANSHITONGFENG:ZIRANTONGFENGHEJIXIEPAIFENG。

皇冠足彩  •ZHU:QUANPAISHISHENGWUANQUANJUDEFENGGUANYAOQIUDULISHEZHIWUDINGPAIFANG

  SHIYANSHITONGFENGKONGDIAOXITONGDESHEJIZHUYAOKAOLV:

  (1)KONGDIAOXITONG:SHIYANSHIZHUANQUSHEZHIDULIDEXIAOXINGZHONGYANGKONGDIAOHUOSIGUANZHIKONGDIAO(ZAIHUANJISHI,CHANGGUIFANGJIANKONGDIAOHAIXUDIAONUANSHI,SHIYANSHIYOUYUYIQIDESANREDENGYUANYINKAISHIDIAOLENG);

  (2)BAOZHENGSHIYANSHIDEANQUANXING,BAOZHENGYIDINGSHULIANGDEHUANQICISHU;

  (3)解决实验室通风系统负压的设计和系统控制;

  (4)ZAIMANZUHUANQICISHUHEQUANXINFENGTIAOJIANXIA,KONGZHINENGHAO;

  (5)XITONGWENDINGKEKAO。

皇冠足彩  5、SHIYANSHIDEGONGZUOTAI

  SHIYANGONGZUOTAIDESHEJIHEXUANZEYINGKAOLVYIXIAYINSU:

  (1)GONGZUOTAIDESHEJIHEXUANZEYINGGAIKAOLVSHIYONG、MEIGUANDEYUANZE;

皇冠足彩  (2)GONGZUOTAIDEGAODUYIBANSHEZHIWEI82-85cmGAO,LIYONGKEDIAOJIEGAODUDESHIYANDENGLAISHIYING;

皇冠足彩  (3)GONGZUOTAIMIAN:CHENGSHOULI、NAIFUSHIDENG;

  (4)CAIXUEDIANGONGZUOTAI:FANGBIANBINGRENTUIJIAOSHENFANG,SHIHECAIXUEWEI;

  (5)SHIYANSHIMENDEKUANDUYAOMANZUFANGBIANGONGZUOTAIBANYUNHEYIQISHEBEIDEGENGHUAN,YISHUANGKAIMENWEIYI。

  

开放式实验室


 

皇冠足彩  YANJIANGJIABIN:WUYING,WENZHOUYIKEDAXUEDIYIFUSHUYIYUANZAOJIAHETONGCHUCHUZHANG


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